IATA pleads for more help for airlines after U.S. offers $58 billion aid
DUBAI/SINGAPORE (Reuters) - The International Air Transport Association (IATA) on Thursday urged the world's major economies to act quickly to prevent irreversible damage to an airline industry that has seen demand crushed by the coronavirus crisis.
A number of governments have already stepped in to help airlines hammered by the virus-induced travel slump, with the United States offering $58 billion in aid, Singapore promising to keep its carrier aloft, and Australia easing competition rules.
As leaders from the Group of 20 nations met for a video summit, the world's largest airline body asked governments in an open letter to provide or facilitate financial support for the industry.
"The spread of the COVID-19 pandemic around the globe and the resulting government-mandated border closings and travel restrictions have led to the destruction of air travel demand," IATA Chief Executive Alexandre de Juniac wrote.
Underlining the industry's plight, AirAsia, the region's biggest budget carrier, became the latest airline to announce sweeping cuts to its schedule in response to the deepening crisis caused by the coronavirus outbreak. It said some of its businesses would halt flights altogether for a period.
"Many airlines have been paying out more in refunds than they have received in new booking revenues," said de Juniac, a former head of Air France-KLM.
"As a result, the average two-month cash reserves held by airlines are rapidly being exhausted," he added, calling for direct financial support, loans or tax relief.
In a desperate bid to preserve some revenues and keep global supply chains operating, U.S. Delta Air Lines, Air New Zealand and Abu Dhabi's Etihad Airways joined a list of carriers that have turned passenger planes into cargo-only transporters.
About half of the world's air cargo normally travels in the bellies of passenger planes, so the cancellation of passenger flights has led to a sharp reduction in cargo capacity, with knock-on effects to food, industry and other vital trade.
In an unprecedented move, the U.S. Senate passed a $58 billion aid package late on Wednesday, half in the form of grants to cover some 750,000 airline staff wages. Those receiving funds cannot lay off employees before Sept. 30 or change collective bargaining pacts. [L1N2BI0XW]
The bill has restrictions on stock buybacks, dividends and executive pay, and allows the government to take equity, warrants or other compensation as part of the rescue package.
The U.S. House of Representatives is expected to back the move on Friday. President Donald Trump has promised to sign it.
PAYING A HEAVY PRICE
U.S. airlines, like others around the globe, have been reeling from the slide in passenger numbers.
United Airlines Holdings said capacity would drop 68% in April and Alaska Air Group cut its schedule by 70% for April and May. American Airlines suspended its dividend, drew down a $400 million credit line and secured an additional loan.
IATA, which estimates the pandemic will cost the global industry $252 billion in lost revenues this year, said earlier it had written to 18 countries in the Asia-Pacific region, including India, Japan and South Korea for emergency support for carriers.
Singapore's finance minister Heng Swee Keat said Singapore Airlines Ltd would soon announce "corporate action" supported by state investor Temasek Holdings to tackle the crisis. Share trading in the carrier, which said this week it was seeking extra funds, was halted on Thursday.
Australia and New Zealand have joined other governments in announcing some financial relief. But this has not stopped carriers from putting staff on leave and grounding planes.
Virgin Australia plans to permanently cut more than 1,000 jobs among the 8,000 staff that have already been stood down. Australia's Flight Centre Travel Group said it would cut 6,000 travel agent roles globally.
In a move unthinkable under normal conditions, Australia's competition regulator said it would allow Virgin, Qantas Airways and Regional Express to coordinate flight schedules and share revenue on 10 regional routes.
"We hope that this temporary measure will also support airlines' ability to again compete with each other on these routes once the pandemic crisis has passed," Australian Competition and Consumer Commission Chairman Rod Sims said.
(Reporting by Alexander Cornwell in Dubai, Jamie Freed in Sydney, Fathin Ungku in Singapore, Tracy Rucinski in Chicago, David Shepardson in Washington, Tim Hepher in Paris; Writing by Edmund Blair and Keith Weir; Editing by Susan Fenton)
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